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当前位置:主页 > 士兵军考 > 军考备考 > 正文

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:虚拟语气(2)

时间:2018-01-31 10:42 来源:准维教育军队考试网 作者:准维教育 阅读:

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:虚拟语气(2)


  关键词:军校考试 张为臻 军校考试培训 军考大纲 士兵军考 军考英语考点

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  1、表示与现在事实相反的情况

  从句:If+主语+过去时(Be动词用were)

  主句:主语+ should/would/might/could+do:注:在should,would,might,could四个词中,would的使用频率远高于其他三词,但可视具体表达情况换用其他三词。下同

  If I were you,I would take an umbrella.

  如果我是你,我会带把伞。(事实:我不可能是你)

  If I knew his telephone number,I would tell you.

  如果我知道他的电话号码,我就会告诉你。(事实:不知道)

  If there were no air or water,there would be no living things on the earth.

  如果没有水和空气,地球上就不会有生物。(事实:地球上既有空气也有水)

  If I had any money with me,I could lend you some.

  如果我带钱了,我就会借给你些。(事实:没有带钱)

  If he studied harder,he might pass the exam.

  如果他再努力些,就能通过考试了。(事实:没有努力)

  If I were you, I'd wear a shirt and tie.

  如果我是你,我就会穿衬衫和领带。(事实:我并不是你)

  2、表示与过去事实相反的情况

  从句:If+主语+had+done

  主句:主语+should/would/might/could+have done

  eg:

  If I had got there earlier,I should/would have met her.

  如果我早到那儿,我就会见到她。

  (事实:去晚了)

  If he had taken my advice,he would not have made such a mistake.

  如果他听我的劝告的话,就不会犯这样的错误了。

  (事实:没有听我的话)

  She looked at me as if I had been a stranger.

  她看我的样子好像我是一个陌生人。

  (事实:我并非陌生人)

  3、表示与将来事实相反

  从句:①if+主语+were to do

  ②if+主语+should+do

  ③if+主语+过去式(be动词用were)

  主句:主语+should/would/might/could+do

  eg:

  If he should come here tomorrow,I would talk to him.

  如果他明天来这儿的话,我就跟他谈谈。(事实:来的可能性很小,不可能)

  If there were a heavy snow next Sunday,we would go skating.

  如果下周日下大雪,我们就去滑冰。(事实:下雪可能性很小,不可能)

  If she were to be here next Monday,I would tell her about the matter.

  如果她下周一来这儿的话,我就会告诉她这件事的始末。(事实:来的可能性很小,不可能)

  4、有时,虚拟条件句中,如果主句和从句的谓语动作若不是同时发生时,虚拟语气的形式应作相应的调整。这种条件句叫错综条件句。注:往往有明显的时间标志。

  ①从句的动作与过去事实相反,而主句的动作与正在发生的事实不符。

  eg:

  If I had worked hard at school,I would be an engineer now.

  如果我当时在学校学习刻苦的话,我现在就是一个工程师了

  If they had informed us,we would not come here now.

  如果他们通知过我们的话,我们现在就不会来这里了。

  ②从句的动作与现在事实相反,而主句的动作与过去事实不符。

  如:

  If he were free today,we would have sent him to Beijing.

  如果他今天有空的话,我们就已经派他去北京了。

  If he knew her,he would have greeted her.

  要是他认识她的话,他肯定会去问候她了。

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