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当前位置:主页 > 士兵军考 > 军考备考 > 正文

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:英语应用文阅读及解题技巧

时间:2018-01-29 17:37 来源:准维教育军队考试网 作者:准维教育 阅读:

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:英语应用文阅读及解题技巧


  关键词:军校考试 张为臻 军校考试培训 士兵军考 军考大纲 军考英语考点

2021年全军和武警院校招生考试图书资料全面改版!!!

  应用文是用来处理和解决人类在长期的生产、学习、工作、生活中的实际事务和问题的,是人们传递信息、处理事务、交流感情的工具,有的应用文还用来作为凭证和依据。

  应用文的解题技巧通常包括三种方法:

  (1)题干定位法;先阅读题干,然后根据问题的要求,按照题目顺序依次有针对性的结合题干中的关键词到文中定位;阅读相关段落并寻找有效信息;再将原文和选项进行比较,对号入座,选出正确答案。

  (2)补全成分法;省略词和省略句在文中大量出现;对于影响语境理解的省略情况,应结合具体情况将省略部分补全,从而能够更好准确地理解句子意思。

  (3)信息再加工法;该方法主要用于词义或句意推理题,以及涉及数字转换的判断推理题。做题时需要对原文相关信息作正确的理解;通过推理判断或计算,对信息进行在加工,这个理解可能牵扯到对某一句话或某些句子的理解。张为臻博客

  应用类英语阅读与论述类、说明类英语阅读题型一样,仍然以细节理解题,推理判断题、词义猜测题、观点态度题为主。

  应用文英语阅读试题:

  Passage 1

  The Information Highway is the road that links computer users to a large number of on-line services: the Web, e-mail, and software, to mention just a few. Not long ago, the Information Highway was a new road, with not many users. Now, everyone seems to want to take a drive, with over 30 million families connected worldwide. Not surprisingly, this well-traveled highway is starting to look like a well-traveled highway. Traffic jams can cause many serious problems, forcing the system to close down for repair. Naturally, accidents will happen on such a crowed road, and usually victims are some files, gone forever. Then, of course, there’s Mr. Cool, with his new broad-band connection, who speeds down the highway faster than most of us can go. But don’t trick yourself; he pays for that speeding.

  Passage 2

  Want to know more about global warming and how you can help prevent it? Doctor Herman Friedman, who is considered a leading expert on the subject, will speak at Grayson Hall next Friday. Friedman studied environmental science at three well-known universities around the world before becoming a professor in the subject. He has also traveled around the world observing environmental concerns. The gradual bleaching (变白) of the Great Barrier Reef, which came into the public eye in 2002, is his latest interest. Signed copies of his colorful book, which was published just last month, will be on sale after his talk.

  1. The Information Highway .________

  A. is free from traffic accidents

  B. is crowded with car drivers

  C. offers just a few on-line services

  D. appeals to a large number of users

  1.D【准维解析】细节理解题。由第一篇短文中的Now, everyone seems to want to take a drive, with over 30 million families connected worldwide可知,信息高速公路深受广大用户喜爱,故D项正确。由Naturally, accidents will happen on such a crowed road, and usually victims are some files, gone forever.可知A项错误;由Now, everyone seems to want to take a drive可知,人人都想使用信息高速公路,B项中的car drivers概念错误;由 a large number of on-line services:和the Web, e-mail, and software, to mention just a few可知,on-line services的内容包含很多,故C项错误。

  2. How does MR. Cool manage to travel the Information Highway so fast?

  A. By storing fewer files.

  B. By repair the system.

  C. By buying a better computer.

  D. By using a broad-band connection.

  2.D【准维解析】细节理解题。由第一篇文章中的there’s Mr. Cool, with his new broad-band connection, who speeds down the highway faster than most of us can go可知D项正确。

  3. What can be learned from Passenger 2?

  A. There will be a book show at Grayson Hall.

  B. Friedman is now studying the Great Barrier Reef.

  C. There will be a talk on global warming this week.

  D. Friedman is a leading expert on computer science.

  3.B【解析】推理判断题。由第二篇文章中的The gradual bleaching (变白) of the Great Barrier Reef… is his latest interest可知B项正确。A项中的a book show错误;C项中的this week错误;D项中的on computer science错误。

  4. Passage 2 is most probably .

  A. a poster about a lecture

  B. an ad for a new book

  C. a note to a doctor in a university

  D. an introduction to a professor

  4.【解析】主旨大意题。通读第二篇文章可知,全文是围绕着Doctor Herman Friedman在global warming方面的talk展开,故A项正确。

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