欢迎访问准维教育网

点击
咨询

010-68276609
010-68189968
15600096555
18610566300

关注
微信

顶部
准维教育
当前位置:主页 > 士兵军考 > 军考备考 > 正文

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:英语说明文阅读及解题技巧

时间:2018-01-29 17:34 来源:准维教育军队考试网 作者:准维教育 阅读:

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:英语说明文阅读及解题技巧


  关键词:军校考试 张为臻 军校考试培训 士兵军考 军考大纲 军考英语考点

2021年全军和武警院校招生考试图书资料全面改版!!!

  英语说明文,即就是一种以“说明、解释”为主要表达方式的英语文体。它是对客观事物的性状、特点、功能和用途等等做科学解说的。

  对于英语议论文的特征,一般可以使用“6W”来进行概括:

  1、who:即所要说明和描述的人或事物;

  2、what:即主体表现出的特性、功能和用途;

  3、when和where:即何时何地所表现出的特性、功能和用途;

  4、how:即通过什么方式表现出来。

  5、why:即这种特性功能用途的原因。

  英语说明文的类型主要包括以下四种:

  1、细节理解题;常见的出题点主要包括:

  (1)在列举处命题。如用first(ly)、second(1y)、third(1y)finally、not only„but also、then、in addition等表示顺承关系的词语列举出事实。

  (2)在例证处命题。句中常用由as、such as、for example、for instance等引导的短语或句子作为例证,这些例句或比喻就成为命题者设问的焦点。

  (3)在转折对比处命题。一般通过however、but、yet、in fact等词语来引导。对比用unlike、until、not so much„as等词语引导,命题者常对用来对比的双方属性进行考查。

  (4)在比较处命题。无端的比较、相反的比较、偷换对象的比较,经常出现在干扰项中,考生要标记并且关注到原文中的比较,才能顺利地排除干扰。

  (5)在复杂句中命题。包括同位词、插入语、定语、从句、不定式等,命题者主要考查考生对句子之间的指代关系和语法关系。

  解题方法:回到原文中找到出处,只要仔细就可以在文中找到答案。但正确的选择项不可能与阅读材料的原文完全相同,而是用不同的语句成句型表达相同的意思。

  2、语义猜测题;常见的设问方式有以下三种:

  (1)the underlined part “„” in paragraph„refers to„

  (2)what does the underlined word mean?

  (3)what is the meaning of the underlined word?

  解题方法:考生要根据上下文语境,认真阅读原文,分析动作转换背景,弄清动作不同执行者,以便准确判断代词的其实际指代对象。

  3、主旨理解题:

  (1)常用设问方式:this passage mainly talks about ........what is the main idea of the passage?

  (2)常用回答方式:this passage mainly talks about the major surprising findings about…

  (3)解题方法:了解试题题干以及各个选项所包含的信息,然后有针对性地对文章进行扫读,对有关信息进行快速定位,再将相关信息进行整合、甄别、分析、对比,有根有据地排除干扰项,选出正确答案。

  4、判断推理题

  (1)常用的设问方式:①the passage is intended to...② the author suggests that...③ the story implies that„④which point of view may the author agree to?⑤ from the passage we can conclude that...⑥ the purpose of the passage is to...

  (2)题目考试要求:①要求考生进行合理的推断②要求考生判断其正确的流程顺序相互关系等。

  (3)解题方法:要认真阅读原文,并对照原文介绍的情况,弄清图示的差异,根据题干需要最终做出正确判断。

  英语说明文相关试题

  The oddness of life in space never quite goes away. Here are some examples.

  First consider something as simple as sleep. Its position presents its own challenges. The main question is whether you want your arms inside or outside the sleeping bag. If you leave your arms out, they float free in zero gravity, often giving a sleeping astronaut the look of a funny balled (芭蕾)dancer. “I’m an inside guy,” Mike Hopkins says, who returned from a six-month tour on the International Space Station. “I like to be wrapped up.”

  On the station, the ordinary becomes strange. The exercise bike for the American astronauts has no handlebars. It also has no seat. With no gravity, it’s just as easy to pedal violently. You can watch a movie while you pedal by floating a microcomputer anywhere you want. But station residents have to be careful about staying in one place too long. Without gravity to help circulate air, the carbon dioxide you exhale (呼气) has a tendency to form an invisible (隐形的)cloud around you head. You can end up with what astronauts call a carbon-dioxide headache.

  Leroy Chiao, 54, an American retired astronaut after four flights, describes what happens even before you float out of your seat,”Your inner ear thinks you’re falling . Meanwhile your eyes are telling you you’re standing straight. That can be annoying—that’s why some people feel sick.” Within a couple days —truly terrible days for some —astronauts’ brains learn to ignore the panicky signals from the inner ear, and space sickness disappears.

  Space travel can be so delightful but at the same time invisibly dangerous. For instance, astronauts lose bone mass. That’s why exercise is considered so vital that National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) puts it right on the workday schedule. The focus on fitness is as much about science and the future as it is about keeping any individual astronauts return home, and, more importantly, how to maintain strength and fitness for the two and a half years or more that it would take to make a round-trip to Mars

  1、What is the major challenge to astronauts when they sleep in space?

  A. Deciding on a proper sleep position B. Choosing a comfortable sleeping bag

  C. Seeking a way to fall asleep quickly D. Finding a right time to go to sleep.

  2、The astronauts will suffer from a carbon-dioxide headache when _____.

  A. the y circle around on their bikes

  B. they use microcomputers without a stop

  C. they exercise in one place for a long time

  D. they watch a movie while pedaling

  3、Some astronauts feel sick on the station during the first few days because _____.

  A. their senses stop working B. they have to stand up straight

  C. they float out of their seats unexpectedly D. whether they are able to go back to the station

  4、One of the NASA’s major concerns about astronauts is _____.

  A. how much exercise they do on the station

  B. how they can remain healthy for long in space

  C. whether they can recover after returning home

  D. whether they are able to go back to the station

  1、A【准维解析】考查细节理解题。根据第二段第一、二句“First consider something as simple as sleep. Its position presents its own challenges.”可知在太空睡觉时,对宇航员来说主要的挑战在于恰当的睡眠姿势。故选A项。

  2、C【准维解析】考查细节理解题。根据第三段中“But station residents have to be careful about staying in one place too long. …You can end up with what astronauts call a carbon-dioxide headache”可知宇航员在一个地方运动久了会出现碳毒性头痛。故选C项。

  3、D【准维解析】考查细节理解题。根据第四段中“Your inner ear thinks you’re failing. Meanwhile your eyes are telling you you’re standing straight. That can be annoying-that’s why some people feel sick.”可知宇航员在大脑接收到矛盾的信息时会感到恶心。故选D项。

  4、B【准维解析】考查细节理解题。根据最后一段倒数第一、二句“The focus on fitness is as much about science and the future as is about keeping any individual astronaut healthy…NASA is worried about two things :… and, more importantly, how maintain strength and fitness…”可知美国国家宇航局对宇航员主要的担心之一是如何在太空长久地保持健康。故选B项。

张为臻老师推荐
提干课程 | 军考课程 | 军转课程
提干资料 | 军考资料 | 军转资料
提干大纲 | 军考大纲 | 军转大纲

准维教育军队考试网推荐——http://www.dfzwjy.com/

良心研发教学   汗水培育考生   实力提升成绩   录取赢得口碑
顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
准维教育
推荐内容