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2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:英语阅读论述文及阅读技巧

时间:2018-01-29 17:31 来源:准维教育军队考试网 作者:准维教育 阅读:

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:英语阅读论述文及阅读技巧


  关键词:军校考试 张为臻 军校考试培训 士兵军考  军考大纲 军考英语考点

2021年全军和武警院校招生考试图书资料全面改版!!!

  1、英语阅读的论述文,即议论文,同语文学科的议论文一样,就是说理性的文章,一般由论点、论据和论证过程组成。议论文都要提出论题、观点、提供充分的证据,使用一定的逻辑方法证明观点或得出结论。

  2、英语论述文主要包括主旨题、推理判断题、细节题三种题型。

  (1)主旨题;考查考生对于议论文基本观点的理解,是主旨题设题的目的。做这种类型的题目要弄清作者想说什么,即作者写此文章的目的。

  (2)推理判断题;该题型的特点是以事实为依据,但其结果有绝不是事实本身。它主要测试考生的逻辑思维能力,侧重于推理。

  (3)细节题;该题型要求考生理解文中的具体观点和具体事实。张为臻博客

  (4)词义理解题;词义理解题中的词往往一词多义,可以采用利用上下文中说话者的语气推测其意义;在特定的语境中,进行逻辑推理的方式也可以获得合理的信息。

  词义理解题常见的句式:

  ①The author uses the word “…” to mean ______.

  ②According to the passage , “…” probably means _____

  ③The word “…” in paragraph ---- refers to _______.

  ④The underlined word “…” means ______.

  ⑤ The underlined phrase “…” means _____.

  3、英语论述文的解题技巧主要包括三点:

  (1)抓论点、寻论据;要抓住论题,即作者提出的观点、给出的例证及最后得出的结论。抓住论题,就抓住了中心。

  (2)注重文章结构,理清文章脉络。常见的议论文结构主要有两种:

  ①“提出问题、分析问题、解决问题”的过程。

  ②由论点到论据到结论或者强调论点”的过程。

  (3)体会文章语言特点,把握作者写作态度,准确进行推理判断。一般来说,对作者的总的态度和倾向,必须在通读全文,掌握了论点和论据后,方能做出判断。需要注意的是:在判断作者观点态度时,有时候作者的观点和态度并不是明确地表达出来的,需要我们认真体察。

  4、英语论述文的类型:

  ① “一分为二”的观点。从两方面去分析一个问题,然后阐述自己的观点。

  ② “两者选一”的观点。分析两种事物的优劣势,阐述自己的观点。

  ③“我认为……”型。阐述对某一事物的客观看法. 如“你对课外阅读的看法。

  ④“怎样……(how to)”型。分析怎样解决一个问题如“怎样克服学习中碰到的困难”。

  ⑤ 看图(表)作文。通过阅读图表中的数字与项目得出一个结论或形成一种看法。

  议论文阅读相关试题:

  When I was young, my mother didn't have the money to send me to school, but she thought it was important for me to keep up with education. So she decided to teach me extra lessons herself. But because she had to go to work, the only time she could do it was at 4:30 in the morning. We need every one of you to develop your talents and your skills so that you can help us old folks solve our most difficult problems. If you quit on school—you're not just quitting on yourself, you're quitting on your country. No one's written your destiny(命运)for you, because you write your own destiny. You make your own future. That's why today I'm calling on each of you to set your own goals for your education and do everything you can to meet them. Your goal can be something as simple as doing all your homework, paying attention in class, or spending some time reading a book.

  But whatever you decide to do, I want you to commit to it. I want you to really work at it. I know that sometimes you get that sense from TV that you can be rich and successful without any hard work—that your ticket to success is through rapping or basketball or being a reality TV star. No one's born being good at all things. You become good at things through hard work. You're not a good athlete the first time you play a new sport. You don't hit every note the first time you sing a song. You've got to practice.

  1.What does the writer want everyone to do by improving their talents and skills?

  A.To quit on their country to earn more money.

  B.To offer help to the old people who have difficulties.

  C.To write their own new destiny by working as TV star.

  D.To spend some time writing books about their own life.

  2.Why does the writer call on everyone to set his/her own goal?

  A.Because everyone's future is determined by themselves.

  B.Because everyone's future is to do simple work.

  C.Because everyone should do their homework.

  D.Because everyone should pay attention in class.

  3.How can people realize their great dream?

  A.By rapping.

  B.By playing basketball.

  C.By being a reality star.

  D.By working hard.

  1.B【准维解析】考查细节理解题。根据第一段第一句话 “We need every one of you to develop your talents and your skills so that you can help us old folks solve our most difficult problems.”可知作者想通过提高每一个人的才能和技能从而帮助有困难的老人。

  2.A【准维解析】考查细节理解题。根据第二段的第四、第五句话 “You make your own future. That's why today I'm calling on each of you to set your own goals for your education and do everything you can to meet them.”可知作者号召大家设立自己的目标的目的是因为自己命运应该由自己来书写。

  3.D【准维解析】考查细节理解题。根据最后一段中的 “No one's born being good at all things. You become good at things through hard work.”可知人们必须通过自己的努力工作才能实现自己的梦想。故选D项。

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