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当前位置:主页 > 士兵军考 > 军考备考 > 正文

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:主谓一致(5)

时间:2018-01-29 16:13 来源:准维教育军队考试网 作者:准维教育 阅读:

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:主谓一致(5)


  关键词:军校考试 张为臻 军校考试培训 士兵军考 军考大纲 军考英语考点

2021年全军和武警院校招生考试图书资料全面改版!!!

  有些短语,如:a lot of,most of,any of,half of,three fifths of,eighty percent of,some of,none of,the rest of,all of等后接不可数名词,或是单数形式的名词作主语时应看作单数,谓语动词用单数;但如果后接可数名词的复数形式作主语时应看作复数,谓语动词用复数。

  例如:

  A lot of money in the shop was stolen yesterday when the electricity was suddenly cut off. 昨天突然断电时,那家商店丢失了许多钱。

  A lot of books about Investment Fund have been published recently.

  去年出版了许多关于投资基金的书籍。

  主语为单数个不定式(短语)、动名词(短语)或从句时,谓语动词一般用单数。

  主语为单三,或习惯用作单数名词或不可数名词的词,如:money,information,clothing等,谓语动词用单数。

  当主语后面接由as well as,as much as,accompanied by,including,in addition to,more than,no less than,rather than,together with等引导的词组时,其谓语动词的形式要依主语的单复数而定。在这样的句子里,这些词所引导的词组不影响主语自身的单,复数形式,它们在句子里其实是状语。也就是说,我们完全可以将这些词组搬到句首或是放到句末去。从表面上我们也可以看出,它们与主语之间有","隔开。

  例如:

  Petroleum,along with fuel gas,has recently risen in price.

  目前石油和燃料煤气的价格上涨了。

  The teacher,with all his students,is going to have a picnic this weekend.老师打算这个周末与学生们一起去野炊。

  The students,together with their teacher,are going to have a picnic this weekend.学生们打算这个周末与他们的老师一起去野炊。

  The warehouse,with all its stockings,was burned last night.

  昨晚,那个仓库连同其所有的货物一起被烧毁了。

  我们完全可以将上面句子中的那些词组都分别搬到句首或是放到句末去,因为它们在句子里是状语:

  Petroleum has recently risen in price,along with fuel gas.

  Along with fuel gas,petroleum has recently risen in price.

  The students are going to have a picnic this weekend together with their teacher.

  As well as the suitcase,the missing things have been found and returned to the owner.

  The missing things have been found and returned to the owner,as well as the suitcase.

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