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当前位置:主页 > 士兵军考 > 军考备考 > 正文

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:连词考点(4)

时间:2018-01-29 14:42 来源:准维教育军队考试网 作者:准维教育 阅读:

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:连词考点(4)


  关键词:军校考试 张为臻 军校考试培训 士兵军考 军考大纲 军考英语考点

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  连词so的用法

  1、so用作连词,主要用于表结果,意为“所以”:

  It’s very cold, so wear a heavy coat. 外边很冷,因此穿一件厚大衣。

  The door was locked, so we couldn’t get in. 门上锁了,所以我们进不去。

  I couldn’t have won, so I didn’t go in for the race. 我不可能获胜,因此我没参赛。

  The play began at eight, so they must dine at seven. 戏八点开始,因此他们必须七点吃饭。

  It was dark, so I couldn’t see what was happening. 天很黑,所以我看不见发生了什么事。

  There happened to be a policeman on the corner, so I asked him the way. 恰好拐角处有一位警察,我就向他问路了。

  2、有时可与并列连词and连用,构成习语and so(相当so):

  He told me to do it and so I did it. 他叫我那么做,所以我就做了。

  He worked hard and so he succeeded. 他勤奋工作,所以他取得了成功。

  There was so much to eat and so few people to eat it. 有这么多东西可吃,而吃的人又这么少。

  I forgot to post the letter, and so she never heard about my divorce. 我忘了寄那封信了,所以她一直不知道我离婚的事。

  3、不要按汉语意思将“因为…所以…”直译为because…so…:

  误:Because he was ill, so he couldn't come.(去掉because或so中任意一个)

  (the) next time(下次),any time(随时),(the) last time(上次),the first time(第一次)。如:

  I’ll tell him about it (the) next time I see him. 我下一次见到他时,我就把这个情况告诉他。

  We lose a few skin cells every time we wash our hands. 每当我们洗手的时候,我们都要损失一些皮肤细胞。

  You can call me any time you want to. 你随时都可以给我打电话。

  注意:every time, each time, any time前不用冠词,(the) next time, (the) last time中的冠词可以省略,而the first time中的冠词通常不能省略。

  as 用作连词有哪些用法 as 用作连词用法如下: 1、表示伴随,意为“随着”。如:

  As time passed, things seemed to get worse. 随着时间的推移,情况似乎变得更糟了。若其后不接从句,而接名词,则用介词 with 表示“随着”。如:

  With the development of modern agriculture and industry, more and more waste is produced.随着现代工农业的发展,污染越来越严重了。

  2、表示让步,意为“虽然”“尽管”,要用于倒装句(相当于 though,但语气稍弱)。如:

  Boy as he was, he behaved like a girl. 他虽然是个男孩,但举止却像个女孩。

  Much as I like you, I couldn’t live with you. 我尽管很喜欢你,却不能和你一起生活。

  Try as he would [might],he couldn’t open the door. 他试过多次了,却仍打不开门。

  3、表示时间,意为“当……时候”。如:

  He dropped the glass as he stood up. 他站起来时,把杯子摔了。

  As I was coming here, I met your brother. 我来这里时碰到了你的弟弟。

  注意,as 引导时态状语从句时,其谓语动词通常只能是动作动词,而不能是静态或状态动词。如:

  她出生后不久父母双亡,是由姑母抚养大的。

  误:Her parents died as she was a baby and she was brought up by her aunt. 正:Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up by her aunt. 4、表示原因,引导原因状语从句时,其谓语动词可以是动作动词,也可以是状态动词。如:

  As you weren’t there I left a message. 因为你不在那里,我留了个信儿。 另外,引导原因状语从句,可用以下这样的倒装语序。如:

  Tired as she was, I decided not to disturb her. 因为她累了,我就决定不打扰她了。

  Writing hurriedly as she was, she didn’t notice the spelling errors. 因为写得仓促,她没有注意其中的拼写错误。

  引导条件状语从句的从属连词。

  这类连词主要有if, unless, as [so] long as, in case 等。如:

  Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不介意吧? Don’t come unless I telephone. 除非我打电话,否则你别来。

  As long as you’re happy,it doesn’t matter what you do. 只要你高兴,你做什么都没关系。

  In case it rains they will stay at home. 万一下雨,他们就呆在家里。

  注意:在条件状语从句中,通常要用一般现在时表示将来意义,而不能直接使用将来时态。不过,有时表示条件的 if之后可能用 will,但那不是将来时态, 而是表示意愿或委婉的请求(will为情态动词)。如:

  If you will sit down for a few moments, I’ll tell the manager you’re here. 请稍坐, 我这就通知经理说您来了。

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