欢迎访问准维教育网

点击
咨询

010-68276609
010-68189968
15600096555
18610566300

关注
微信

顶部
准维教育
当前位置:主页 > 士兵军考 > 军考备考 > 正文

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:连词考点(2)

时间:2018-01-29 14:33 来源:准维教育军队考试网 作者:准维教育 阅读:

2021年士兵专升本军校考试《英语》大纲:连词考点(2)


  关键词:军校考试 张为臻 军校考试培训 士兵军考 军考大纲 军考英语考点

2021年全军和武警院校招生考试图书资料全面改版!!!

  并列连词的用法

  (一)表示转折关系的并列连词。

  主要有but(但是), yet(可是), while(而,却)等。如:

  I would have written before but I have been ill. 我本该早写信的,但我生病了。

  I have failed, yet I shall try again. 我失败了,但我还要尝试。

  You like tennis, while I’d rather read. 你爱打网球,但我爱看书。

  Someone borrowed my pen, but I don’t remember who. 有人借了我的钢笔,但我不记得是谁了。

  He said he was our friend, yet he wouldn’t help us. 他说他是我们的朋友,但却不肯帮助我们。

  but的用法举例

  1、连接词或短语

  It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。

  He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。

  2、连接句子

  This isn’t a good one but it will answer. 这不太好,但可以将就用。

  He looks honest, but actually he’s a rogue. 他看起来很老实,实际他是一个坏蛋。

  She has had no answer to him but he gave no answer. 我向他说了早上好,但他没有回应。

  The ice remained, but there was no water underneath. 冰还在,但下面却没有水。

  Mrs. Brown was about to begin, but Jennie spoke first. 布朗夫人正要开始讲话,珍妮先讲了。

  At first he was a little shy, but now he acts more natural. 开始时他有些腼腆但现在他表现得很自然了。

  There was a little trouble at first, but things were soon quiet. 起初有点小麻烦后来情况就平静了。

  3、用于句首

  But that question doesn’t arise. 但没发生那个问题。

  But in secret she was delighted. 但她暗中感到高兴。

  But what else can we do? 我们还能做什么?

  But in the end he gave in. 但最后他还是让步了。

  But there’s one thing we are agreed on. 但有一点大家的意见是一致的。

  4、用于道歉的表达之后

  Sorry, but we’re behind schedule. 抱歉,我们落在计划后了。

  I’m frightfully sorry, but I can’t see you today. 太对不起了,我今天不能见你。

  Excuse me, but I don’t think that’s quite true. 很抱歉,我认为这与事实略有出入。

  5、用于not…but…,表示“不是……而是……”

  Not you but I am to blame. 不是你的错而是我的错。

  6、用在某些否定语后,表示“只……”:

  He eats nothing but hamburgers. 他只吃汉堡包。

  She knows no one but you. 她只认识你。

  You have nobody but yourself to blame. 只能怪你自己。

  No one but me saw her. 只有我看见他。

  7、用于next (last) but one 中,表示“隔壁再过去”“倒数第……”

  He lives in the next house but one. 他住在隔壁再过去一家。

  He was the last but one to arrive. 他是倒数第二个到的。

  8、can’t help but 不由得不……

  You can’t help but respect them. 你不由得不尊敬他们。

  When they gave him a ticket to the game, he couldn’t help but go. 他们给了他一张看球赛的票,他不由得不去。

  I can’t help but wonder what I should do next. 我不由得不想知道下一步该怎么办。 【注意】不要按汉语意思将“虽然…但是…”直译为although…but…:

  误:Though we are poor, but we are happy. (去掉though或but中任一个)

  but 与 however的用法区别

  两者均可表示转折或对比,意为“但是”、“可是”、“然而”等,但有区别:

  (1)表示转折时,but 是连词。如:

  He is young but very experienced. 他虽年轻,但经验很丰富。

  He has three daughters but no sons. 他有3 个女儿,但没有儿子。

  He likes sports, but his wife likes music. 他喜欢运动,而他妻子则喜欢音乐。

  (2) however 表示“然而”、“可是”时,有的词书认为它是连词,有的词书认为它是副词。之所以将其视为副词,也许是因为像许多副词一样不仅能位于句首,而且能位于句中(注意前后使用逗号),甚至句末(注意其前也用逗号)。如:

  Later, however, he changed his mind. 可是他后来改变了主意。

  He hasn’t arrived. He may, however, come later. 他还没有到,不过他等会儿可能会来。

  He said that it was so; he was mistaken, however. 他说情况如此,可是他错了。

  注意:以上各例中的 however 不能换成 but,但可用 but 来改写。如:

  He said that it was so, but he was mistaken. 他说情况如此,可他错了。

  (3)当连接两个句子时,其前通常应用分号,或另起新句。如:

  It’s raining hard; however, I think we should go out. / It’s raining hard. However, I think we should go out. 雨下得很大,但我想我们还得出去。

  注意:上例中的 however 不能换成 but,但可用 but来改写 (注意所用标点的变化)。如:

  It’s raining hard, but I think we should go out.

  yet的用法

  1、yet用作连词时,与but一样也主要用于转折,意为“但是”“而”:

  I have failed, yet I shall try again. 我失败了,但我还要尝试。

  The judge was stern, yet completely fair. 法官很严峻,却完全公正。

  They are the same, yet not the same. 它们又一样,又不一样。

  It is strange, yet it is true. 那真是怪事,然而却是事实。

  I’ve been away only for three years, yet I can hardly recognize my hometown. 我仅在外三年,可我几乎认不出我自己的故乡了。

  He said he was our friend, yet he wouldn’t help us. 他说他是我们的朋友,但却不肯帮助我们。

  2、有时用在句首。如:

  Yet the house was cheerful. 但屋子里显得很欢快。

  Yet its population has doubled. 但它的人口翻了一番。

  3、yet有时可与并列连词and或but连用,构成习语and yet和but yet,意为“虽然如此”“可是”“然而”,与单独使用的yet意思相同。如:

  He’s not really nice-looking, and yet he has enormous charm. 他并不十分好看,可是他很有魅力。

  The child had a bad cough, so his mother took him to the doctor. 这孩子咳得很利害,所以他妈妈带他去看医生。

  You are supposed to get rid of carelessness, for it often leads to serious errors. 你们一定要克服粗枝大叶,因为粗枝大叶常常引起严重的错误。

  注意:for表示结果通常不能放句首,也不能单独使用。

张为臻老师推荐
提干课程 | 军考课程 | 军转课程
提干资料 | 军考资料 | 军转资料
提干大纲 | 军考大纲 | 军转大纲

准维教育军队考试网推荐——http://www.dfzwjy.com/

良心研发教学   汗水培育考生   实力提升成绩   录取赢得口碑
顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
准维教育
推荐内容