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当前位置:主页 > 士兵军考 > 军考备考 > 正文

2020年士兵军校考试大纲《英语》考点:虚拟语气(5)

时间:2017-10-12 16:02 来源:未知 作者:-1 阅读:

2020年士兵军校考试大纲《英语》考点:虚拟语气(5)


  关键词:军校考试 张为臻 军校考试培训 军考大纲 士兵军考 军考英语考点

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  1、表示与将来事实相反

  从句:①if+主语+were to do

  ②if+主语+should+do

  ③if+主语+过去式(be动词用were)

  主句:主语+should/would/might/could+do

  eg:

  If he should come here tomorrow,I would talk to him.

  如果他明天来这儿的话,我就跟他谈谈。(事实:来的可能性很小,不可能)

  If there were a heavy snow next Sunday,we would go skating.

  如果下周日下大雪,我们就去滑冰。(事实:下雪可能性很小,不可能)

  If she were to be here next Monday,I would tell her about the matter.

  如果她下周一来这儿的话,我就会告诉她这件事的始末。(事实:来的可能性很小,不可能)

  2、有时,虚拟条件句中,如果主句和从句的谓语动作若不是同时发生时,虚拟语气的形式应作相应的调整。这种条件句叫错综条件句。注:往往有明显的时间标志。

  ①从句的动作与过去事实相反,而主句的动作与正在发生的事实不符。

  eg:

  If I had worked hard at school,I would be an engineer now.

  如果我当时在学校学习刻苦的话,我现在就是一个工程师了

  If they had informed us,we would not come here now.

  如果他们通知过我们的话,我们现在就不会来这里了。

  ②从句的动作与现在事实相反,而主句的动作与过去事实不符。

  如:

  If he were free today,we would have sent him to Beijing.

  如果他今天有空的话,我们就已经派他去北京了。

  If he knew her,he would have greeted her.

  要是他认识她的话,他肯定会去问候她了。

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